Waste Management in Republika Srpska (BIH)
Dissertant: Milan Topić, mag.rer.nat.
Betreuer: Univ.-Prof.Dr. Friedrich M. Zimmermann
Förderung: Dissertationsstipendium der URBi-Fakultät/Universität Graz
- University of Banja Luka – Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture
- University of Sarajevo – Faculty of Civil Engineering
- Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency Fund of the Republic of Srpska
- International Association of Scientific Workers AIS /Banja Luka (BIH)
Solid waste management has become a priority for countries around the world. Continuously growing generation rates, decreasing waste disposal capacities and varying legislative and political conditions have significant effects on waste management practices. In order to achieve sustainability in waste management in a country, region or city, the current stage of development has to be identified and analyzed. Moreover, understanding the mechanisms and factors that currently drive the development of solid waste management is a crucial step for moving forward and planning sustainable waste management systems around the world. Today, various deterministic and multi-objective programming models have been applied to analyze solid waste management systems from the regional to the municipal levels. The aim of this work is to critically analyze, modernize and upgrade current models into a new model of integrative and sustainable waste management (ISWM). The application of the developed model will support decision makers, stakeholders and planners to handle waste in a cost-efficient and environmentally sound way. A developed trans-disciplinary framework is verified and evaluated for the region Republika Srpska (a political entity in Bosnia and Herzegovina) using relevant waste data collected through the comprehensive on-site research. The results of the conducted analyses will be used as a basis for the proposal of further strategic, political and managerial changes.
Proposed improvements will emphasize all parts of the system, starting with the building and upgrading of institutions and legal framework; adaptation and modernization of waste collection, transportation, treatment and disposal technics; implementation of training and education for professionals and raising public awareness.