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Youth Crime and Urban Planning

– How to Measure Crime Factors and Promote Prevention by Using GIS?

 

Dissertantin: Ricarda Rindlisbacher, BSc MSc
Betreuer
: Univ.-Prof. Dr. Friedrich M. Zimmermann

Kooperationen: Landeskriminalamt - Landespolizeidirektion Steiermark

 

Beschreibung:
In this research, the role of spatial crime analysis in urban planning is discussed by investigating the surrounding of crime scenes as well as, among other things, the cultural, religious, and ethnical background of delinquents by using a Geographic Information System (GIS) approach. The results of an indicator based analysis of young delinquents in terms of their social, environmental, and economic environment will lead to conceptualizing, testing, and evaluating new concepts for crime prevention in urban areas. Awareness raising, specific support programs, and urban planning/development measures will be analyzed to create valid statements and suggestions for a sustainable and a more secure development of the urban space and an improved “quality of life” for young people. The investigation area is the city of Graz, Austria’s second largest city with about 250,000 inhabitants. The main focus of the transdisciplinary approach lies in the analysis of youth crime under specific urban influence factors. Together with city planners, government officials, police officers, and youth groups, key features of youth crime will be extracted to create and support innovative prevention measures. Additionally, prevention initiatives will be measured by applying “risk-management” and/or “predictive policing” methods.

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